Isnin, 21 Disember 2015

Into The Balkans : Gazi Husrev-beg

Assalamualaikum and Zdravo!

Gazi Husrev-beg merupakan individu terpenting dalam pembangunan Sarajevo semasa era pemerintahan kerajaan Ottoman. Merupakan gabenor yang dilantik untuk memerintah Sarajevo oleh kerajaan pusat. Setelah melihat tayangan video berkaitan sejarah hidup beliau, apa yang dapat disimpulkan bahawa beliau adalah seorang pemerintah yang memerintah secara adil dan berlandaskan ajaran Islam. Walaupun merupakan keturunan diraja kerajaan Ottoman, dimana beliau juga adalah cucu kepada Sultan Bayezid II . Namun sifat pemurah yang ditunjukkan oleh beliau sehingga sekarang masih dapat dilihat kesannya kepada Sarajevo.

Antara peninggalan beliau yang masih boleh dilihat oleh generasi sekarang. Untuk keterangan lanjut berkaitan bangunan disekitar kawasan Masjid ini boleh lawati laman web : INI

Masjid yang diberi nama sempena nama beliau

“And from water We have created all living things”

Next to his tomb Ghazi Husrev-bey built a smaller tomb of hexagonal shape for Murat-bey Tardić. Murat-bey was a freed prisoner of war who embraced Islam. He was freed in accordance with the wishes of Ghazi Husrev-bey who appointed him his duke and ćehaja (deputy).

Ghazi Husrev-bey’s great achievements are truly impressive in their scope and purpose, for his endowments left their mark on the city of Sarajevo and stimulated the growth of this city and other regions for centuries. His achievements include a magnificent mosque erected for the glory of the One in Whose love he lived and worked. Across the street he built his famous madrasa which, then and for a long time after, remained a unique and an exceptional school in the Balkans. At the same time Ghazi Husrev-bey built the famous library, which houses one of the richest collections of Near Eastern writings. Concurrently, all around Sarajevo of that time, emerging were other Husrev-bey’s institutions and endowments of religious, educational, social and sanitary character. The great builder never overlooked the need for the accessibility of drinking water and he built a water supply system and brought in water from a spring seven kilometres from Sarajevo, channelling it into 40 public fountains. This was one of the first water supply systems in Europe of that time. (copy paste from this, Gazi Husrev-beg)

Sedap air ini, tiga empat kali singgah minum

Memasuki perkarangan kawasan madrasah dan perpustakaan


Kurshumli Madrasa

Maksud ayat yang ditulis diatas pintu masuk madrasah

“This edifice buildeth for those who seeketh knowledge,
And for the love of God who answers our prayers,
Ghazi Husrev, commander of the champions of faith,
(He is) the source of benefaction, the pride of the righteous.

When one enters its atrium, many interesting details attract the attention of the visitor; the gracious symmetrical domes and the pointed chimneys, and a colonnade of pillars of exceptional beauty. Around the atrium are the rooms inside which softas (students) of the madrasa resided, and opposite the main entrance is a dershana (the great lecture hall). In the middle of the atrium is a small water fountain that harmoniously fits into the peaceful surroundings with which it creates an impressive architectural whole.
At one time Ghazi Husrev-bey’s Madrasa was an educational institution that was in a class by itself in the Balkans and was second to none from here to Istanbul. It is for this reason that Kurshumli Madrasa can be rightly considered the forerunner of today’s University of Sarajevo, and especially the Faculty of Islamic Studies and the Faculty of Law. (copy paste from this, Gazi Husrev-beg)
Ghazi Husrev-bey wrote in his testament from 1531, among other things, the following:
"Every wise and rational man will come to understand that This World is transient and an abode of boredom and misfortunes. This World is neither a house nor a dwelling place, it is but a passage through which one enters the house of salvation or Hell, and wise is he who is not deceived by This World; who does not believe in it; who does not look upon it with amorous eyes and thus allows himself to be governed by It. Fortunate is he who learns from his example and applies it the next day and who, while waiting for death, errs not in his work. Good deeds chase away evil and the best of the good deeds is charity, and the most exalted act of charity is that which lasts forever, and from all the charitable deeds the best is that which forever repeats itself. It is obvious that from all the lasting charitable deeds the most enduring is waqf. For as long as This World is in existence the benefit of waqf will not cease nor will it stop to function until the Day of Judgement."
( the First Testament, November 1531)
p/s : banyaknya harta beliau disyurga nanti.